Chicken can be prepared in a vast range of ways, including baking , grilling , barbecuing , frying , and boiling , among many others, depending on its purpose. Since the latter half of the 20th century, prepared chicken has become a staple of fast food. Chicken is sometimes cited as being more healthful than red meat , with lower concentrations of cholesterol and saturated fat. The poultry farming industry that accounts for chicken production takes on a range of forms across different parts of the world. In developed countries , chickens are typically subject to intensive farming methods, while less-developed areas raise chickens using more traditional farming techniques.